|U.S., China Reach Clean Coal Technology Agreement|
On August 25, the U.S. and China announced they have reached an agreement to collaborate on clean coal technology development. Christopher Smith, assistant secretary for fossil energy at the Energy Department, and Shi Yubo, vice administrator for China's National Energy Administration, agreed to a memorandum of understanding on clean coal technology at the U.S.-China Coal Industry Forum in Billings, Montana. The two countries will officially sign the MOU in September.
The agreement focuses on carbon capture utilization and storage (CCUS), by which carbon dioxide from coal-fired power plants is captured and stored or re-used. As part of the agreement, the two countries are establishing six CCUS pilot projects in China. Chinese companies have also invested in CCUS projects in the U.S. according to an Energy Department blog post.
The U.S. and China are also working on clean coal technology through the U.S.-China Clean Energy Research Center and the joint Fossil Energy Protocol. Last November, President Barack Obama and Chinese President Xi Jinping committed to several carbon capture initiatives, including a large scale CCUS demonstration project in China to store 1 million tons of carbon dioxide per year, and an “enhanced water recovery” project, where carbon dioxide is injected underground to bring groundwater to the surface.