|DOE Issues Second Quadrennial Technology Review|
On September 10, the Energy Department released its second Quadrennial Technology Review (QTR) focusing on the status of clean energy technology development and outlining research opportunities to modernize the power sector. Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz said the department will use the QTR to set priorities for its programs in the coming years, and hopes it will be utilized by the broader community as well.
The 505-page report emphasizes four overarching themes: the convergence of energy sectors; energy supply and service diversification; confluence of research and development, computing power, and analysis of complex systems; and energy efficiency. It also highlights numerous research, development, demonstration and deployment opportunities across six energy sectors: the electric grid, electricity production, buildings, manufacturing, fuels and transportation.
The Energy Department released its first Quadrennial Technology Review four years ago, in 2011, but Moniz said this second review “goes substantially beyond edition one in its scope, in its depth and in its analytical approach to the task.” Moniz said the second Quadrennial Technology Review also builds upon the work done in the Quadrennial Energy Review, released in April, which focused on energy infrastructure and grid modernization.
The department noted that the electric grid, power, fuel, transportation, building and manufacturing sectors are becoming increasingly interconnected and complex. This creates opportunities for new technologies and for energy systems research in all of these sectors. One technology area identified that could change the electric grid and power sectors, for example, is the potential of improved energy storage systems. The report also discussed the increasing stress that the electric power grid is facing, and that fundamental changes to the system are needed to ensure system reliability. It outlined research and development opportunities to improve performance, lower costs and address national energy challenges.
Additionally, the report analyzed research and development opportunities to advance clean electric power technologies, increase efficiency of building systems and technologies, innovate clean energy technologies in advanced manufacturing, advance systems and technologies to promote cleaner fuels, and advance clean transportation and vehicle systems and technologies. The report also discussed advances in modeling, simulation and data analysis using high performance computers that enable researchers to simulate complex real-world problems, interpret large data sets and speed new technology development. There is also a crosscutting need for new materials and modeling, simulation and data analytics across all six energy sectors highlighted in the report.
The Energy Department's Quadrennial Technology Review is available at http://www.energy.gov/sites/prod/files/2015/09/f26/Quadrennial-Technology-Review-2015.pdf.