Clean air investments spurred by industry compliance with air pollution regulations create real jobs in the APC (Air Pollution Control) industry and contribute to the economy, while satisfying their principal goal of providing clean healthy air. Most air pollution equipment for large sources is constructed or fabricated on-site, and requires high levels of engineering and construction labor. In addition, the equipment depends on component equipment and materials.
This translates to jobs for skilled craft labor such as boilermakers, and new upstream and downstream employment and economic benefits for a variety of industries and communities. The APC industry designs, engineers, and constructs projects that require thousands of tons of steel, large quantities of concrete, and specialized equipment such as fans, pumps, motors, rotary mixers, filter bags, cages, and milling equipment, as well as skilled craft labor such as welders, steam fitters, and electrical workers.
Once the projects are constructed and become operational, the control technologies often depend on supplying and preparing reagents and sorbents such as activated carbon, trona, lime, limestone, urea, and ammonia, as well as other consumables, including catalysts and filter bags. Nearly all of the materials and equipment can be manufactured and supplied in the United States. Manufacturing and installing this equipment creates upstream and downstream employment and economic benefits. For example, during a recent seven year period, the implementation of CAIR Phase 1 resulted in 200,000 jobs in the APC industry, with about 80 percent dedicated to construction and 20 percent for engineering and project management. The workforce from that effort is now highly motivated and eager to start addressing upcoming clean air regulations.
How the Air Pollution Control Industry Creates Jobs
Since before there Clean Air appeared in any legislation in the United States, the air pollution control industry has innovated, persevered, created a sustainable industry, which is now fully integrated into the U.S. economy, including in the energy and industrial sectors. It is the Institutes belief that the air pollution control (APC) industry generates uncommon value in the U.S. where every dollar spent results in tens of dollars of public health benefits while creating some of the greenest high quality jobs in America. The multi-faceted challenges and opportunities to reduce or eliminate criteria, hazardous air emissions, and greenhouse gases will require the collective energy and knowledge of many industries and stakeholders; and we the APC industry stand ready to do our part. See how the effective air quality requirements have spurred employment growth.
Analysis of Jobs Created and Labor Availability Under Bush and Carper Multi-Pollutant Bills (January 2003).
ICAC Provides Comments to Congress on Impact of NSR Reforms on APC Industry
In the continued New Source Review (NSR) debate, ICAC was recently asked by members of Congress for our perspective on how the NSR reforms have impacted ICAC members and the air pollution control industry. Based on our most recent air pollution control (APC) equipment market forecasts for the period of 2004-2006, the greatest impact of NSR changes are likely be on flue gas desulfurization (FGD) project bookings. In ICAC's "2003 Air Pollution Control Equipment Market Forecast" approximately 50 percent of new FGD project bookings in the APC industry were anticipated to stem from continued NSR activity by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. To translate this into an estimate of jobs, using EPA man-hour estimates, approximately 1,500 person-year direct construction jobs would result from those projects. NSR Impact on APC Industry (February 2004)
NOx SIP Call Creating Over 25,000 Jobs a Year
We hear a lot about the negative economic effects of clean air policy. Yet ICAC has determined that implementation of the NOx SIP Call alone is creating over 25,000 jobs a year (1999-2005), only 10% of which are in the air pollution control industry. The rest are in construction and other sectors. Read our analysis (November 2001)