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Country Profile: Poland
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General Information

As a Member State of the European Union (EU), Poland is required to adopt EU regulations and directives on air pollution control. Poland is also a signee the Paris Climate Agreement.The overall environmental technologies market in Poland including goods and services has an estimated value of USD 7.0 billion (2016).


The country is largely dependent on coal as a power source and an economic driver, and it has the most fossil energy-intensive economy in the EU. Poland is home to the world's second largest lignite-fired coal plant - the Belchatow Power Station.


From the U.S. International Trade Administration: "Emissions from coal-fired power plants, which accounted for 88 percent of Poland’s primary energy in 2010, still lead to excessive output of particulate matter and other air toxics."


Technologies/Services in Demand:

  • Wet/dry scrubbers (particularly systems that remove multiple pollutants)
  • Carbon injection systems (for reduction in mercury and organics)
  • Particulate matter control systems (particularly new bagging systems)
  • NOx, mercury, CO2, and particulate matter monitoring and continuous monitoring systems
  • Selective catalytic and non-catalytic reduction controls
  • Oxygen enrichment, fuel injection, and other efficient combustion technologies
  • Innovative specialty cements
  • Mixing technologies
  • Pumping and fluid handling equipment
  • Engineering and plant design
  • Leak detection
  • Alternative fuel technologies used to fire cement kilns


Regulatory Information and News

  • Present - 2020: Poland's government will allocate 10 billion PLN to improving air quality
  • Air quality improvement is "the most important priority for the Ministry of Environment" through the reduction of emissions from small, local boiler plants, smog, and concrete
  • 2018: Poland to organize and host COP24 Climate Change Conference (Read more)
  • By June 30, 2018: "The [European] Commission will make publicly available on the internet an inventory of manufacturing processes involving the use of mercury or mercury-compounds that were processes used prior to 1 January 2018 and of mercury-added products that were being manufactured prior to 1 January 2018 and of any applicable marketing restrictions." (Read full text)
  • January 1, 2018: New EU regulations in effect regulating mercury (read full text):
    • "Economic operators shall not manufacture or place on the market mercury-added products that were not being manufactured prior to 1 January 2018 (‘new mercury-added products’)"
    • "Economic operators shall not use manufacturing processes involving the use of mercury or mercury compounds that were not processes used prior to 1 January 2018"
  • December 2017: Poland attends "One Planet Summit" in Paris and states that there should be "climate neutrality for the whole of the European Union" (Read more)
  • Poland aims to be a leader in promoting zero waste coal power solutions and circular economy (read more)
  • June 2017: Poland ranks 9th in the U.S. International Trade Administration's (ITA) annual Top Markets Report for Environmental Technologies: Air
  • Poland is the EU's largest contributor to mercury emissions (17.2%), with Europe accounting for 6% of the total global mercury emissions.
  • Poland is one of three European countries that experienced the highest increase in non-methane VOCs between 2014-2015 (view EEA report)
  • In 2015, Poland and Italy contributed the highest amount of mercury emissions in Europe (view EEA report)


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